The Out-of-Body Travel Foundation Presents Hindu Moral Teachings
Hindu Moral Teachings, Moral and Ethical Teachings, Moral Teachings and Ethics, Moral Teachings, Ethical Teachings, Moral Theology, Ethical Theology, Ethics of Morality, Morality of Ethics, Religious Teachings on Morality
ACCORDING TO SWAMI VIVEKANANDA Explained by Nirmal Jee
Duties towards Parents: "Knowing that mother and father are the visible representations of God, the householder always and by all means, must please them. If the mother is pleased, and the father, God is pleased with the man. That child is really a good child who never speaks harsh towards his parents.
Before parents one must not utter jokes, must not show restlessness, must not show anger or temper. Before mother or father, a child must bow down low, and stand up in their presence, and must not take a seat until they order him to sit.
If householder has food and drink and clothes without first seeing that his mother and father, his children, his wife, and the poor are supplied, he is committing a sin. The father and the mother are the causes of his body; so a man must undergo a thousand troubles in order to do good to them."
Duties towards children: "A son should be lovingly reared up to his fourth year; he should be educated till he is sixteen. When he is twenty years of age he should be employed in some work. He should then be treated affectionately by his father as his equal. Exactly in the same manner the daughter should be brought up, and then be educated with the greatest care. And when she marries, the father ought to give her jewels and wealth."
Duties towards One's Wife: "No man should scold his wife, and he must always maintain her as if she were his own mother. And even when he is in the greatest difficulties and troubles, he must not show anger to his wife. He who thinks of another woman, besides his wife, if he touches her even with his mind, that man goes to dark hell. Before women he must not talk improper language, and never brag of his powers. He must not say, "I have done this, and I have done that." The householder must always please his wife with money, clothes, love, faith, and words like nectar, and never do anything to disturb her. The man who has succeeded in getting the love of a chaste wife has succeeded in his religion and has all the virtues."
Duties towards One's Husband: Every woman should love, cherish and respect her husband. Even if she is convinced that her husband is having an affair with another woman, she should not retaliate and start her own affair. She can win over her husband and bring him to the right path through love. Chastity is the first virtue in man or woman, and the man, who, however he may be strayed away, cannot be brought to the right path by a gently and loving and chaste wife is indeed very rare. The world is not yet as bad as that. We hear much about brutal husbands all over the world and about the impurity of man. But is it not true that there are quite as many brutal and impure women? If this was not the case, I am perfectly satisfied that there would not be one impure man in the world. What brutality is there which purity and chastity cannot conquer?
Duties towards Brothers and Sisters: "Then the duty of the man is towards his brothers and sisters, and towards the children of his brothers and sisters, if they are poor, and towards his other relatives, his friends and servants. Then his duties are toward the people of the same village, and the poor, and any one that comes to him for help. Having sufficient means, if the householder does not take care to give to his relatives and to the poor, know him to be only a brute; he is not a human being. The householder by digging tanks, planting trees on the roadsides, establishing rest-houses for men and animals, making roads and bridges, goes toward the same goal as the greatest Yogi."
A SUMMARY OF HINDU MORAL BELIEF BY BROTHER WILLIAM
For most Hindus the concept of sin is contained in the doctrine of karma or cause and effect. Unlike Christianity where sin is seen as disobedience to the dictates of a parental deity, sin for Hindus has the direct effect of obscuring one's knowledge of the true nature of Self or God. The Bhagavad-Gita says on subject of sin, "The Infinite doesn't care about anyone's sin or good deeds. Knowledge is covered by ignorance by which people are deluded."
Swami Vivekananda once said, "It is a sin to call a man a sinner.... You are children of Immortal Bliss."
Ramakrishna said that repeating over and over that one is a sinner, a person becomes a sinner. Thinking of God, one realizes God within. He also used to say that God's name is so powerful that repeating it once, all sins are washed away.
The basic moral precepts of Hinduism are avoiding intentional injury to any being and truthfulness. Violating either one results in suffering until the effects of the act are exhausted. Some believe that spiritual practices such as repeating the name of God can reduce the bad effects of sin. Others hold that the law of karma is absolute, and every act must have its effect, in this life or a subsequent one.
The ultimate goal of Hinduism is to be freed from the wheel of birth, death, and rebirth--to be free of karma entirely--and experience the innate freedom of the higher Self or God.
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